What To See In Porto In 3 Days Top Sights

Porto is the second-largest center of Portugal and the northern capital of the country. Porto is completely different from Lisbon: the only similarity can be seen in the fact that both of these cities are located on the coast. In Porto, you will find a special atmosphere, unique historical architecture, football spirit, and breathtaking views.

There are so many attractions in the city that it is simply impossible to visit them all in a few days. They are literally located at every step. To simplify your task, we have compiled a selection of the most interesting sights of Porto with photos and descriptions.

So what to do and see in Porto to get the most vivid impressions?

1. Take a walk around the Ribeira quarter

Porto is the best place to start sightseeing from the atmospheric quarter of Ribeira. Many tourists fall in love with this distinctive area, and this is understandable: every house is interesting in it. It is here that you can feel the spirit of real Portugal, walking along the promenade or through the narrow streets and enjoying the authentic beauty of cozy houses with bright tiles on the roofs.

In the Ribeira quarter, a huge number of small cafes are concentrated with a view of the promenade, and prices do not bite. Be sure to go to some institution, and best of all try the signature Portuguese franzesinya sandwich, which can be baked in an open oven right before your eyes.

In the evening, the Ribeira quarter turns into the most romantic place in the city, so if you are going to Porto with your loved one, then go here for dinner or an evening walk.

From Ribeira’s embankment, you can take a river cruise along the Dore or walk to the Don Luis Bridge, which offers a beautiful view of the quarter.

2. Admire the view from the Don Luis Bridge

The Don Luis Bridge, designed by a student of Eiffel himself, is one of the main attractions of the city of Porto. We can say that this is this bridge for Porto anyway, that the Eiffel Tower for Paris. Its unusual silhouette is often depicted on the labels of Portuguese port. In the evening, when the backlight is lit, the bridge takes on a special charm. Visiting the Port and not taking pictures of it is simply unforgivable.

Tourists unanimously say that the best views of the city of Porto, the Douro River and the Ribeira quarter with its red-orange roofs open from this building. Photos on the background of such a magnificent panorama are obtained as postcards. But the attraction is interesting in itself with its unusual two-tiered construction: cars drive along the lower tier, and subway trains travel along the upper tier. Sidewalks for pedestrians are on both levels. Local daredevils jump into the water from the lower tier, collecting one euro from tourists for their exploits.

The Don Luis Bridge connects the city center with Villa Nova di Gaia, where port wine tastings are held at the historic winery. Therefore, the final point of the walk can be planned here. Be sure to walk along the bridge, look at the panorama that opens it will give you special impressions.

From the upper level, you can take the cable car, which will take you down to the Porto embankment. Those who buy a cable car ticket are sometimes handed out flyers for tasting wines made in Portugal. A ride costs 2.5 one way.

Getting to the sights is most convenient by metro. You need to get off at Jardim do Morro or Sao Bento stations, and then walk a bit.

3. Visit the FC Porto Museum

The Porto Football Club Museum is located inside the Dragau Stadium, which we wrote about above. Numerous reviews of tourists suggest that this museum will be interesting to everyone, and for football fans, it will become a real holiday. You can also find out a lot of interesting things about sports in Portugal.

This is a very large and informative museum with many trophies, artifacts, and interactive screens. Even if you don’t know anything about FC Porto, you will still be aware and imbued with its significance. It is best to book a tour that includes a visit to the stadium. They will tell you about the history of the Porto club, show the interior and the football field itself.

Allow at least an hour and a half to visit the museum. A combined tour of the museum and the stadium will cost 15 for an adult, 10 for a child under 16 and free for children under 4 years. A visit to one museum will cost 12 euros for an adult and 8 euros for a child. Pensioners over 65 are given discounts on tickets.

4. Climb the bell tower of the church of Clerigos

The highest bell tower in Portugal, Clerigos should be a must on the list of what to see in Porto in 3 days. This high tower (75 meters) is visible from different points of Porto, so it is considered one of the most recognizable buildings in the city. Previously, it served as a guide for ships that entered the harbor.

The bell tower belongs to the baroque church of the same name 1732-1748. the building, which is also very beautiful, interesting and worth visiting. In 1910, it was officially recognized as the national treasure of Portugal.

Climbing the bell tower through a narrow staircase is not an easy task. The observation deck is also quite cramped, but it offers stunning views of the city. Therefore, to overcome the rise is definitely worth it.

5. Conquer the Arrabid Bridge

If in order to see the sights of Porto you have 3 days and you like extreme entertainment, be sure to become a “climber” on the Arrabida Bridge. The organizers of the Porto Bridge Climb project offer everyone from 12 years old to overcome the 262 steps of the arch on the bridge structure, rising to a height of 65 meters. Get ready for the fact that the climb will be exciting, but completely safe and not extreme.

All groups (from one person) are accompanied by an experienced guide. You can book a ticket for the climb in advance, but it is better to come immediately to the place: here the schedule of climbs hangs. Scroll up and down for about an hour and put on comfortable athletic shoes.

From the height of the structure, you can look at the ocean and the city from an unusual angle. Also, everyone who went upstairs will have a pleasant surprise. If you want the most incredible experience, climb the bridge during sunset.

6. See the churches of Karma and the Carmelites, separated by the narrowest building in the world

One of Portugal’s most beautiful churches, the luxurious Rococo Carmo Church, is located in Teixeira Square, in the historic center of Porto. Right next to it is the Carmelite Temple. The churches are built so close that it seems as if it is one big temple. But in fact, they are separated by a house only 1 meter wide, which is considered the narrowest building in the world.

Most of all, the church of Carmo, built in the XVIII century, delights tourists with the traditional tiles of Portugal tiles “azulejos”, in appearance resembling gzhel. The walls of the church are decorated with the largest mosaic paintings with images of the Carmelites, which are impossible not to admire. In addition, the temple is decorated with statues of evangelists and sculptures of prophets. No less rich is its interior decoration. That is why the church is considered one of the most significant attractions of Porto and the surrounding area.

It is worth noting that the chic fountain with sculptures of lions, which is located in the square in front of the temples, underlines the magnificent beauty of the Karma church.

7. Visit the “Harry Potter Library” Livraria Lello

In fact, Livraria Lello is a beautiful historical bookstore of the 1890s, where you can see a unique wooden staircase almost the same as in Hogwarts in Harry Potter. According to some versions, it was this staircase that Joan Rowling was inspired when she described the Hogwarts library.

Livraria Lello in Porto is considered the third most beautiful bookstore in the world, so many travelers and fans of Harry Potter want to see it. That is why queues are often formed at the entrance, and inside the store, it becomes crowded due to numerous visitors.

Entrance to the store costs 4 you can spend this money on buying a book, but most of the books presented are in Portuguese, although copies can also be found in English.

8. Take a picture of the Porto City Hall

The famous Porto Town Hall began to be built on the town square in 1920, although it seems to be much older in appearance. The building has six floors, not counting the basement. The main decoration of the city municipality is its 70-meter tower with chimes, which can be reached by breaking 180 steps.

The Town Hall is considered one of the most photogenic buildings in Porto. It harmoniously fits into the general appearance of the square and emphasizes its slightly pompous beauty. Take a closer look at this monumental building, and you will see a huge number of decorations: sculptures, columns, and arches. Please note that the windows of the town hall are made in a variety of forms: rectangular, round, oval.

To take the best pictures, come to the town hall in the early morning, when the square is not yet filled with tourists.

9. Try port wine at the Vinicola Ramos Pinto winery

Staying in Porto, you should try the famous local port. Be prepared for the fact that its taste will pleasantly surprise you, and you will take a bottle or two with you home.

It is best to taste this drink at a historic winery: for example, Casa Ramos Pinto, which was founded in 1880 by the Ramos brothers. Here you can visit the winemaking museum, see how port wine is prepared and stored. Tasting of two budget ports is included in the price of the tour. For a fee, you can taste young wines, vintage, and luxury port.

You can get to the winery from the Don Luis bridge by going down the funicular or stairs. You can combine her visit with a walk around the Ribeira quarter.

10. Enjoy the peace and spaciousness of Porto City Park

If you have already seen enough of the architectural sights and are looking for something to see in Porto among the natural beauties, visit the city park Parque da Cidade do Porto. A walk in this spacious park can be combined with a beach holiday on the Atlantic coast since on one side the park goes directly to the promenade.

In this place you can relax in peace and quiet from the bustling city and enjoy the picturesque paths and lawns, breathing in the fresh breeze. In the ponds of the park, various birds swim (ducks, geese, etc.), which are not afraid of people. No wonder visitors called this park a green oasis of Porto.

The park is located quite far from the center, so it is better to get to it by metro or bus number 500. Allocate about half a day to visit.

The Best In Lisbon: What To See, Hear And Try In The Capital Of Portugal

It’s hard to resist the charm of Lisbon. In it, luxurious shopping areas are adjacent to cozy streets, majestic temples are with houses decorated with colorful tiles, and pleasant surprises and pleasures await tourists at every turn.

Here’s my recommendation on what to do and what to see.

1. Take a yellow tram ride

The yellow tram is the same symbol of Lisbon as the red telephone box for London. The most interesting route number 28 runs along the old part of the city: from Campo Ourique to Martim Moniz square. Sometimes a tram makes its way through such narrow streets that, having extended a hand from a window, one can touch the walls of houses. Attractions on the route will meet one after another: Lisbon Cathedral, Conceicao Velha Church, spiked house, St. George’s Castle, viewing platforms. Trams are full of citizens and tourists during the day, so it’s better to plan a trip in the morning or evening.

Tip: be careful not to leave things unattended; pickpockets sometimes “work” in Lisbon trams.

2. Take a look at Lisbon from above

St. George’s Castle is visible from anywhere in Lisbon. Once the Romans, Visigoths, Moors, and then the Portuguese kings lived in this fortress. Now here is a museum, peacocks walk around the gardens of the fortress, and tourists look at panoramic views of Lisbon at viewing platforms.

The most convenient way to get here is by tram number 28 or city elevators. Just before the entrance to the castle, do not miss the wonderful gift shop with Portuguese hand-painted dishes, hand-made toys, and magnets.

3. Conquer the peaks

Three Lisbon lifts an indispensable form of public transport for the city, located on the hills. In fact, these are the same yellow trams, they only climb the mountain, and not on flat terrain.

The ski lifts of Gloria and Lavra go from Restauradorish Square. The first rises to the panoramic terrace of San Pedro di Alcantara (São Pedro de Alcântara), the second to the picturesque and almost unknown to tourists Torel garden (Torel) with a circular panorama of the city. Bica connects Cais do Sodre Station and the Barrio Alto area.

The 45-meter-high wrought-iron tower, towering in the heart of Lisbon, is the Santa Justa City Elevator. It will take you to the observation deck, the Chiado district and the ruins of the Carmo church.

4. Listen to the fado

Fadu is not just music, but the cultural heritage of mankind according to UNESCO. You do not need to understand Portuguese to feel the depth of the inner sadness (Saudade), about which the singers sing.

In Lisbon, a fado is heard from the open windows of houses, from the speakers of music shops, and sounds in the headphones of sightseeing buses. You can listen to live music at the Fado Museum or at restaurants in the Bairro Alto, Alfama, and Madragoa districts. Concerts start around 9-10 pm. Entrance to such establishments is usually free, but food and drinks can be more expensive than usual.

Tip: In Portuguese restaurants, visitors immediately bring a lot of snacks that they did not order. Do not take this for a beautiful gesture and a “compliment from the establishment.” Remember that any dish you touch will be included in the bill. And do not be offended: this is just a local tradition, but not a way to lure money from a gullible tourist.

5. Love the Azulejos

The hand-painted glazed tile that gives Lisbon such a cozy charm is called azulejo. In addition to aesthetics, it has a quite practical function: tiles reliably protect the facades of buildings from moisture. After the earthquake of 1755, which destroyed part of the city, Azuleju, previously used only in palaces and churches, “went to the people” to decorate new houses.

You can see the oldest tiled panel in Lisbon in the Church of St. Roch. But in general, there’s no need to go specifically for azulejos just look around. By the popularity of souvenir products, tiles even bypass the Portuguese favorite cork: magnets, paintings, hot coasters and dozens of other trinkets are made from it.

6. Sleep with sharks

Lisbon Oceanarium is the largest in Europe. And sixteen thousand of its inhabitants deserve to take at least a couple of hours for a walk around the aquarium.

In addition to fish and sharks, which you can encounter almost nose to nose through the glass of the aquarium, there live penguins, sea lions, otters, turtles, and even tropical birds. A walk through a long glass tunnel creates an incredible effect of immersion underwater. The aquarium holds many interesting excursions. About one of them spending the night with sharks your children will probably be excited to tell classmates for more than one year.

7. Eat a cake

Belem is Lisbon’s historical monument-rich district. Once, it was from here that Vasco da Gama, Fernand Magellan, and other sailors began their expeditions. But one of the main attractions of Belem, oddly enough, is culinary.

The art of baking amazing cakes in the legendary cafe Pasteis de Belem has been perfected since 1837. And during this time, sweets became so popular that fakes and imitations are found not only in bakeries in Lisbon but throughout Portugal.

For tender baskets of puff pastry with custard and cinnamon, queues line up daily, but they are moving fast. A set of four still warm cakes, straight from the oven, costs 5

8. Go to the monastery

The Jeronimos Monastery is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal. Looking at the magnificent building, you would rather believe that it is a royal palace and not a haven of monks who wished to hide from the bustle of the world.

The monastery really owes its beauty to King Manuel I: in the 16th century, he launched a grandiose construction “in gratitude” to the Virgin Mary for the patronage of Portuguese navigators. The interior of the monastery is as luxurious as its magnificent coral-carved facades depicting sea monsters.

9. Step on the world map

The Portuguese are very sensitive to the exploits of their sailors. So, in 1960, a monument to the Discoverers was erected on the Belem embankment. The white limestone caravel depicts figures of 32 heroes from the era of the Great geographical discoveries. On the square in front of the monument, a world map with the routes and dates of Portuguese sea expeditions is laid out. Surprisingly, tourists often simply do not notice the map. So, while walking around the city, carefully look at your feet.

10. See the symbols of North and South America

In 1934, Cardinal Manuel Seregeira visited Rio de Janeiro and decided that Portugal also needed a statue of Christ. When the Second World War began, the local bishopric vowed: if Portugal escaped war, such a statue would appear in Lisbon. Portugal remained neutral, and the Cristo Rei monument was erected on the banks of the strait.

Lisbon and the city of Almada, in which the statue is installed, are connected by a red bridge named after April 25. Its resemblance to the famous Golden Gate in San Francisco is not accidental both bridges were built by one American company. The monument and the bridge are visible from almost any observation point in Lisbon, including the Belem embankment. They look most picturesque in the evening when the backlight turns on.

Sights Of Bologna: 10 Most Interesting Places

Bologna is one of the most remarkable and at the same time underestimated cities in Italy, and its significance is already evidenced by the fact that in the Middle Ages it was one of the largest megacities in Europe. It is not surprising that many sights of world significance have been preserved in Bologna. There are so many interesting places in the city that I decided to talk about the most important of them in a separate article.

Leaning Towers of Asinelli and Garisenda

Leaning towers are not only in Pisa but also in Bologna. And in Bologna, there are two of them at once Torre degli Asinelli and Torre Garisenda.

Both towers were supposedly erected in the 12th century and today are iconic sights of Bologna.

Unlike the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the “skyscrapers” in Bologna served their owners as a dwelling and a fortress were built of brick and did not differ in rich decoration.

In the pursuit of fame, customers did not care much about the quality of construction. What the design mistakes led to today can be observed firsthand: the angle of deviation of the Azinelli tower from the straight axis has already reached 1.3 You can climb one of the towers Asinelli: to do this, you will have to overcome 498 steps. But you can boast that you were on the tallest falling tower in the world. The height of the tower is 97 m, which is comparable to the height of a modern 20-story building.

The entrance to the Garisenda Tower is closed for security reasons. The angle of inclination of the tower is growing so rapidly that it had to be shortened three times already as a result, the height has already decreased from 60 to 48 meters.

But it’s also worth visiting Garisenda outside after all, it is even mentioned in Dante’s “Divine Comedy”.

Basilica of San Petronio

The Basilica of San Petronio is one of Europe’s largest cathedrals and holds 28,000 believers. According to the initial plan, the size of the temple was to exceed St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, but this did not happen by the will of the papal throne.

The construction of the basilica began in 1390 and lasted until 1663. For such a long period, the building managed to feel the influence of Gothic, Mannerism, and Baroque.

The facade of the basilica serves as an eloquent testimony to the unfinished construction: if the lower part is faced with marble, then the upper one remained brick.

The interior of the church is characterized by a large number of frescoes of the XV century. It houses the oldest organ in Italy (1475), and the world’s longest meridian (67 meters) with zodiac signs is drawn on the floor.

Such a sundial was invented by the astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini to prove that the Earth revolves around the Sun. A ray of light falls through a hole in the roof at one of the signs and indicates the month of the year.

Another feature of the Basilica of San Petronio is that Napoleon’s sister, Eliza Bonaparte, is buried here.

Piazza Maggiore and Nettuno

Piazza Maggiore is the largest square in Bologna, where all the main events of the city take place. Until 1877, it bore the name “Market” just right for its original purpose.

Today, the square is primarily a tourist attraction, and only the old measures installed on one of the buildings remind of the past.

Neighboring Nettuno Square is adjacent to Piazza Maggiore first of all, thanks to the Neptune Fountain located here by the sculptor Giamboloni, a student of Michelangelo. A bronze statue of God adorned the square in 1567.

This attraction of Bologna is also interesting because the trident of Neptune inspired the Maserati automobile concern to create its own logo.

On the corner of the two squares is the Palazzo Re Enzo, named after the Sardinian king, who was forced to spend here in prison the last 23 years of his life.

Santo Stefano Complex

Santo Stefano is also called the place of “Seven Churches”, although so far only four of the seven churches have survived.

The complex of medieval buildings was conceived as a European replica of the Jerusalem Church of the Holy Sepulcher. The first buildings date back to the V century. AD The current appearance of Santo Stefano owes more to the restoration of the XIX-XX centuries.

Today in the Museum of Santo Stefano you can find many valuable examples of the art of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Church buildings also retained many elements of the original setting.

In the church of the first Christian martyrs of Bologna Vitale and Agricola, the floor is tiled with mosaics of the VI century. On the walls of the crypt of the Church of the Crucifixion of the Lord are visible frescoes of the XV century.

The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is located on the site of the former sanctuary of Isis, from which the building inherited columns of African marble.

The portico or courtyard of Pilate connects the main buildings of the complex with the Holy Trinity Church. There is a pool called the “Pilate washbasin”.

Until 2000, the relics of St. Petronius were stored in Santo Stefano and only then were transferred to the Basilica of San Petronio.


For the first time in the world, higher education diplomas began to be issued in Bologna the local university dates back to 1088. Among the famous graduates of the Bologna alma mater are Dante, Dürer, Petrarch, Copernicus.

True, in the years of their student years the university has not yet found its building the Archiginnasio University Palace was built only in the second half of the 16th century. Training sessions in the Gymnasium took place until 1803.

Today, the first residence of the University of Bologna is partially open to the public. Impressive are the preserved frescoes on the ceilings and the family coat of arms of students and teachers who adorn the walls of the corridors.

For a fee, you will be given the opportunity to sit on the student bench of the Anatomical Theater in 1637 and introduce yourself as a witness to the first scientific research in the field of the structure of the human body.

No less famous is the Archgymnasium for its library, whose collection totals more than half a million books and about 12 thousand manuscripts.

Palazzo Podesta

One of the oldest buildings in Bologna was erected in 1200. True, in the XV century the palace underwent a major reconstruction under the direction of Ridolfo Aristotle Fioravanti part-time author of the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin.

Initially, the Palazzo Podesta was intended for the head of the local administration, but over its long history, it managed to serve as a court, and a city theater, and even a training base for firefighters. Today, in the lobby of the second floor are exhibitions and important city events, and on the ground floor, which formerly occupied by craft shops, boutiques and a fashionable restaurant were opened.

The gallery on the first floor is famous for its unique acoustics: if you stand in the center and pronounce any word, it will be clearly audible in any corner. Therefore, it is also called the “whisper gallery”.

Unfortunately, the interior of the palace can only be viewed during events. But you can admire the palace outside at any time.

Cathedral of San Pietro

St. Peter’s Temple survived fires, earthquakes, and unsuccessful reconstruction so that only fragments remain of the original version of the 11th-century cathedral. A bizarre mixture of Gothic and Romanesque styles developed into a modern ensemble only in the 18th century.

In the 15th century, the Garganelli chapel appeared in the temple, the walls of which were painted with frescoes by Ecolé before Roberti and Francesco del Cos. Today they are almost lost, but this cycle at one time had an impact on the work of Michelangelo.

The interior of the temple is Baroque and decorated with works of art, and the gifts of believers over the past 500 years are stored in the museum-treasury.

The main attraction of the cathedral is the huge bell tower 70 meters high. The largest of more than two dozen bells is called “grandmother” (weight 3 tons). On Saturdays, the bell tower can be reached with a guide.

City Archaeological Museum of Bologna

The masks of the pharaohs, preserved after 3,500 years, tombstones, burial urns, clay molds of statues, weapons, vases, coins and other treasures of the Celts, Etruscans, ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans are presented in 18 rooms of the City Archaeological Museum.

A true paradise for archeology lovers, this museum has one of the best collections of ancient Egyptian artifacts in Europe.

The idea of creating a museum arose after the discovery of Etruscan burials in the area of the city cemetery.

The first exhibit with valuable finds was presented in the building of the Archimpressionary School in 1872, soon the collection was replenished with exhibits of the University of Bologna, and in 1881 the Archaeological Museum was opened in the Galvani Palace.

Thanks to modern technology, a visit to the Archaeological Museum of Bologna turns into an interactive journey through the world of ancient civilizations.

Certosa Cemetery

Europe is famous for its beautiful cemeteries, but the Certosa Monumental Cemetery in Bologna is so remarkable that it was even included in the travel itinerary of the main cultural heritage sites of Europe for young aristocrats.

There were Byron, Dickens, and Stendhal, and the description of the Certosa cemetery can be found in more than one European novel.

Until 1797, there was a Carthusian monastery, which was closed by order of Napoleon and converted into a city cemetery.

The Bologna aristocracy did not skimp on tombstones, so pretty soon the cemetery began to resemble a real museum.

So it remains today. Certosa Cemetery has become a resting place for many celebrities in Bologna, including castrato singer Farinelli, racer Maserati, Nobel laureate writer Josue Carducci.

What To See In Florence In 1 Day: Itinerary

Florence is a city of arts, the cradle of the Renaissance. The city is very conveniently located almost in the middle of the road between the north of Italy and its capital. It will not be difficult to get to Florence from any major city, be it Venice, Milan or Rome. Therefore, many travelers to Italy try to include Florence in their itinerary, preferring to spend only 1 day here.

So what can you see in Florence in 1 day? Despite the fact that the city is very compact and all the central attractions are located within walking distance from each other, it is unlikely to get around them all in 1 day.

Art is found everywhere, but to visit Florence and not look at least at one art museum is a real crime. No wonder that the art collection of this city is considered one of the best in Europe. But even a cursory acquaintance with one of the museums will steal at least 2 hours of precious time.

Morning in Florence

Most travelers stay in the “city of art” by train to Santa Maria Novella Central Station. From here we will begin our walk.

You can encounter art when you have already crossed the threshold of the station building. Just opposite, there is the church of the same name Santa Maria Novella, which is considered the oldest in the city.

Its construction was in the XIV-XV centuries. The era of the Middle Ages can be traced both in the external appearance of the temple and inside. Numerous works of art are stored here, among which the cycle of frescoes from the biography of the Virgin and John the Baptist is of most interest.

From the Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, it makes sense to head to the Academy Gallery to look at the authentic sculpture of David by Michelangelo. Fortunately, it’s not difficult to get there: follow Via Sant’Antonino to the intersection with Via Guelfa, where you should turn right and go on to the intersection with Via Ricasoli. On the left side, you will undoubtedly see a long line, which will tell you that the target has been found.

To get around the queue and save several hours of precious time, it makes sense to purchase tickets to the Gallery online.

The Uffizi Gallery, one of the largest painting museums in Western Europe, can become an alternative to the Academy Gallery for those who think that they can see in Florence in 1 day. The original works of Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Rembrandt, and many other outstanding geniuses from the XIII to the beginning of the XX centuries have been preserved here.

Day in Florence

If you look at the map of the sights of Florence, near the Academy Gallery we will find the Medici Palace. It is located on Via Camillo Cavour. In general, the Medici family at different times owned different palaces, including the famous Palazzo Vecchio in Piazza Signoria and the Palazzo Pitti on the south bank of the Arno River.

The Medici family appreciated art very highly. In their palaces, they managed to collect a rich collection of paintings. For example, the Medici Chapel was preserved unchanged in the Medici Palace, painted in 1461 by frescoes by Benozzo Gozzoli, and in the Palazzo Vecchio a magnificent collection of frescoes by Vasari and his students.

You can honor the memory of the great Dukes of Tuscany very nearby. The Medici family chose the chapel at the Basilica of San Lorenzo as the family necropolis, to the decoration of which the great Michelangelo himself had a hand.

By the way, in addition to the Medici chapel and the Basilica proper, the San Lorenzo complex also includes the Laurentian library, where you can see a huge collection of historical literature, including the VIII century Bible. and the first Roman encyclopedia.

From Piazza di San Lorenzo, “at a stone’s throw” to Piazza del Duomo, so named because of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore located on it. The Duomo is the most significant attraction on the map of Florence. The 42-meter Bruneleski dome has long been the main symbol in numerous photographs and postcards.

The Duomo was built over 6 centuries, starting from the end of the XIII century. Its architecture has become a kind of boundary between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. More than half a century was required for the construction of an openwork 85-meter bell tower (Campanile), which became a vivid example of Florentine Gothic. Now the campaign of the cathedral, together with the Bruneleski dome, serve as excellent viewing platforms.

In addition to the cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo, you can see the Baptistery of San Giovanni. The Baptistery is the oldest building in the square. It was erected back in the 5th century and acquired the outer cladding, which can still be seen now, in the 11th-12th centuries. The dome of the baptistery is decorated with exquisite mosaics of the 13th century.

Looking at Florence from a bird’s eye view, you can go further. From Cathedral Square, Via Dei Calzaiuoli leads to another famous square in the city Signoria Square.

The architectural dominant of the square is the Palazzo Vecchio, which we mentioned a little above. Initially, the government of the Florentine Republic (Signoria) met here, and therefore the area at the Palazzo became known as Signoria Square.

Signoria Square is called an open-air museum: here you can admire a collection of sculptures from the Renaissance. Unfortunately, most of the sculptures are now replaced with copies. Originals are stored in the nearby Academy Gallery and the Uffizi Gallery.

From Signoria Square, past the Uffizi Gallery, you can go to the Arno River embankment, or take a little walk along Via dei Gondi and Borgo Dei Greci to the Santa Croce Basilica.

The basilica is considered the largest Franciscan church in the world and serves as a necropolis for outstanding personalities of Florence. Here they found the last peace of Galileo, Rossini, Machiavelli and even the great Michelangelo himself.

Having bowed to the ashes of the great Florentines, return to Signoria Square, from where it is easiest to go down to the banks of the Arno River. The river divides Florence into northern and southern parts.

Evening in Florence

Having been pretty much in 1 day in the bustling center of Florence, it is better to spend the evening in peace and quiet, namely, on the southern bank of the Arno River.

Connect the banks of the river 10 bridges. The most famous is the Ponte Vecchio bridge, erected in the XIV century. near Signoria Square. Since then, his appearance has not changed much. At all times, the bridge served as the center of brisk trade. At first, it was occupied by butchers, now expensive jewelry stores are located here.

Unlike the enlightened center, the southern coast of Arno was occupied for a long time by poor neighborhoods.

In the XV century. the large banker Luca Pitti bought a large plot of land on the right bank and began the construction of a new palazzo, which a century later, the descendants of Pitti sold to the Duchess Eleanor of Toledo the wife of the Tuscan Duke Cosimo I Medici.

Under Medici, the palace was noticeably expanded; Boboli’s elegant gardens were set up around it, which served as a prototype of many European parks.

A leisurely walk through Boboli Park will allow you to relax from the bustle of the city and admire Florence from the height of the hill of the same name.

Well, to meet the sunset it is best to go to Piazzale Michelangelo, from where you can enjoy no less spectacular views than from Boboli Hill. You can get to the square by going about a kilometer along the southern bank of the Arno River.

What To See In Venice On Your Own In 1 Day

What to see in Venice on your own if there is only 1 day left? This question is often asked by tourists, going to the only city in Italy, built on the water. After all, I want to see as much as possible, and ordinary guides do not give ideas on how to put all the most interesting into such a tight route. We will try to correct this misunderstanding, and offer our own option for a walk through the most romantic city in Italy. Ready? Then let’s go!

Morning in Venice

Venice is a city on the water. And the impressions of the city will turn out to be incomplete if you do not plan your own trip along the Grand Canal, the main waterway that divides the city into 2 parts, on your daily trip to Venice.

The Grand Canal bends with the inverted letter S from the train station of Santa Lucia to the central square of San Marco. Along the Grand Canal, there are more than 200 of the most luxurious palazzos, in addition, the best photos are obtained from the water.

Take a ride on the main “city street” on the local water bus Vaporetto. Route No. 1 is best suited for such a trip. He walks to the island of Lido, passing along the Grand Canal with many stops. There is no need to go to the very end it is best to get off at the quays near St. Mark’s Square.

A day in Venice

It is best to start a walk in Venice in 1 day from the main city square Piazza San Marco. This square actually served as the birthplace of Venice as a city. After all, it was here, in a small cathedral on a square in the 9th century. from Alexandria brought to the eternal storage of the relics of the Apostle Mark. Later, the cathedral was repeatedly expanded and completed, being a rare example of Byzantine architecture in Western Europe.

In addition to the Cathedral of the Apostle Mark, interest in Piazza San Marco is represented by a 99-meter bell tower (Campanile), which offers stunning views of the city. By the way, it was at the top of the campaign in Venice that Galileo Galilei showed his new telescope to the authorities of the republic. This event happened at the beginning of the XVII century.

Later the campaign, like the whole square, became the center of events of the annual Venice Carnival. This is where the most spectacular descent takes place, called the “Flight of the Angel.”

The authorities of the Venetian Republic appreciated the convenient location of Piazza San Marco and already in the IX century. founded the first government palace on the square the Doge’s Palace. The building that we see on the square now belongs to the 16th century. In addition to the government, the palace housed the Senate, Ministries, the Supreme Court, and even a prison.

Try to get on an excursion to the secret rooms of the palace, where the fate of many famous personalities of the republic was decided, including the Casanova and Giordano Bruno. Excursions are conducted only three times a day. If you are visiting Venice on your own, it is better to book tickets in advance online.

By the way, the Apostle Mark is not the only saint whose relics can be found in Venice. In the IX century. the relics and father of John the Baptist, St. Zacharias, were also brought here. They are stored in the church of the same name in San Zaccaria on Campo S. Zaccaria, not far from Piazza San Marco. You can get there on the Schiavoni promenade.

In general, you can talk about churches in Venice for a very long time, and it is almost impossible to go around them because on a small patch of islands of the Venetian lagoon there are more than 150 of them and each one is a real architectural masterpiece with priceless paintings and frescoes inside.

In addition to the cathedrals described above, there are others that are worth seeing in Venice for 1 day. Be sure to include in the must-see list:

  • the gothic cathedral of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, also known as San Zanipolo, where the remains of 25 Doges of Venice and other famous personalities of the city rest;
  • Church of San Giacomo di Rialto the oldest church in Venice, founded with the founding of the city in 421 and known for its gigantic clock on the facade;
  • the Cathedral of Santa Maria Gloriosa Dei Frari, painted by the great masters of the Renaissance Titian, Vivarini, Alvise, Bellini, etc. For Titian, this cathedral became the last refuge, however, as well as for some of the Venetian Doges.

It will not be possible to ignore the church of Santa Maria Della Salute, built in the XVII century. as a tribute to the Virgin for the miraculous deliverance of the city from the plague. This snow-white beauty is perfectly visible from the Grand Canal embankment at Piazza San Marco and other points of the city.

Walking along the narrow, winding streets of Venice on your own, you will cross more than one bridge and bridge. There are more than 400 bridges in Venice, of which only 4 are thrown over the Grand Canal.

The first two shores of the mighty canal were connected by the Rialto Bridge another visiting card of Venice. At the dawn of its existence, the bridge was pontoon, which pretty much interfered with the movement of city boats and ships, later it was rebuilt and modified several times.

Finally, in the XVI century. unknown architect Antonio de Ponte proposed the construction of the bridge in the form of an arch. No one believed in the duration of the existence of such a structure, but the Rialto Bridge has since been preserved unchanged to this day.

Now on the bridge you can meet many shops, as well as admire the magnificent panorama of the Grand Canal.

And right behind the bridge is the noisy and most famous Rialto market in Venice, which is rightly considered an informal landmark of the city, where the local flavor is fully felt.

In addition to Rialto, it will not be possible to pass by two other famous bridges. The first is the Scalzi Bridge, you will see as soon as you leave the building of the train station of Santa Lucia. The second the Academy Bridge is thrown across the Grand Canal in the area of the most famous art museum in Venice the Academy Gallery.

Speaking of art. When wondering what to see in Venice in 1 day, one should not ignore the numerous art museums of the city. Indeed, here at one time Titian and Tintoretto, Bellini, Carpaccio and many other masters of the Venice School of Painting worked.

The richest collection is collected in the Academy Gallery mentioned above. The art of Venice from the 13th to the 18th centuries is presented here. The gallery is very popular with tourists, so when planning a visit it is most appropriate to buy tickets in advance online.

Another good museum is located in the Palazzo Ca ’Rezzonico. Within the walls of the palace, you can get acquainted with the art of Venice of the XVIII century. In addition to paintings, Venetian household items are also presented here luxurious carved furniture, clothes and accessories, sculptures and interior items.

And finally, when planning a route in Venice for 1 day, we recommend that you pay attention to the city school. Schools in medieval Venice were called charitable organizations at churches and monasteries, collecting donations for certain needs.

Altogether, 8 squares were built in Venice. You will certainly see one of them, the San Marco Scuola, next to the Cathedral of Santi Giovanni e Paolo. Another equally famous Scool of San Rocco is located at the Cathedral of Santa Maria Gloriosa Dei Frari.

Take time to look inside the San Rocco school. Its walls in the XVI century. were painted by the famous master Jacopo Tintoretto. In its beauty, it can only be compared with the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican.

Evening in Venice

Fairly stumbling along the narrow streets of Venice in 1 day, the evening is best spent in calm and relaxation. To visit the city on the water and not ride a gondola means not to go here at all. After all, the Venetian gondolas are more than 1000 years old, and the profession of a gondolier is invariably passed from father to son. The most romantic time for such a walk is at sunset.

You can find gondola moorings in different parts of the city, but for those who want to enjoy the sunset, it is best to take care of finding a boat in advance. In the high season, there can be a lot of people on the pier. Fortunately, this can always be done online. It is enough to choose a convenient pier (preferably near St. Mark’s Square) and a convenient time.

Well, to enjoy the warm Venetian night after a walk, you can go to the famous St. Mark’s Square. After all, it is here that the oldest cafe is located not only in Venice, but also in Italy as a whole the Florian cafe.

Over the years of its existence, the cafe had the most outstanding personalities who once visited the city on the water: Goethe and Byron, Dickens and Casanova, Modigliani, Stravinsky, and many others. At dusk, a live orchestra plays in the Florian Cafe, making the Venetian starry night even more romantic.